Friday, February 24, 2017

History of Yoga

All About The History of yoga

Yogas story has many places of darkness and uncertainty due to its oral transmission of sacred texts and the mysterious nature of its teachings. The early writings about yoga were transcribed to fragile palm leaves, which were easily damaged, destroyed, or lost. The development of yoga can be traced back over 5000 years ago, but some researchers think that yoga can be up to 10,000 years old. History of Yoga can be divided into four main periods of innovation, practice and development.



Pre-classical History of yoga

The beginnings of yoga were developed by Indus Sarasvati civilization in North India over 5,000 years ago. The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts with songs, mantras and rituals used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis (mystical visionaries) who documented their practices and beliefs in the Upanishads, a huge book with over 200 writings. The most famous of the Yogic scriptures is the Bhagavad-Gîtâ, composed around 500 BC. The Upanishads took the idea of ​​the ritual sacrifice from the Vedas and remembers them and taught the sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, action (karma yoga) and wisdom (jnana yoga).-History of Yoga


Classical History of yoga

In the pre-classical History of Yoga stage, yoga was a mixture of different ideas, beliefs, and techniques, often contradicting and contradicting each other. The classical period is defined by Patanjali's Yoga-Sutras, the first systematic representation of yoga. A journal written in the second century, this text describes the path of raja yoga, which is often referred to as "classical yoga". Patanjali organized the practice of yoga into an "eight-curved path" that contained the steps and stages for attaining samadhi or enlightenment. Patanjali is often referred to as the father of yoga and his Yoga-Sutras still strongly affect most types of modern yoga.


Post-Classic History of yoga

A few centuries after Patanjali, yoga master created a system of practices designed to rejuvenate the body and prolong life. They rejected the teachings of the ancient Vedas and embraced the physical body as a means of enlightenment. They developed tantra yoga, using radical techniques to cleanse the mind and body, to break the knots that bind us to our physical existence. This exploration of these physical-spiritual connections and body-centered practices has led to the creation of what we think of yoga in the West: Hatha Yoga.


Modern times History of yoga

In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the Yogamaster began to travel to the West and met attention and followers. This began at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago when Swami Vivekananda inspired the participants with his lectures on yoga and the universality of world religions. In the 1920s and 30s Hatha Yoga was strongly promoted in India with the work of T. Krishnamacharya, Swami Sivananda and other Yogis practicing Hatha Yoga. Krishnamacharya opened the first Hatha Yoga school in Mysore in 1924, and in 1936 Sivananda founded the Divine Life Society on the banks of the Sacred Ganges. Krishnamacharya produced three students who would continue his legacy and increase the popularity of Hatha Yoga: B.K.S. Iyengar, T.K.V. Desikachar and Pattabhi Jois. Sivananda was a prolific author who wrote over 200 books on yoga and set up nine ashrams and numerous yoga centers around the world.

The importation of yoga into the West continued even further until Indra Devi opened her yoga studio in Hollywood in 1947. Since then, many Western and Indian teachers have become pioneers who popularize Hatha Yoga and win millions of followers. Hatha Yoga now has many different schools or styles, all emphasizing the many different aspects of the practice.

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